The official public website of the New Orleans District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. [55][56][57][58] In addition, the Louisiana State Guard and state defense forces from several states were activated to aid the National Guard in sheltering the large number of refugees leaving Louisiana and assist in other disaster recovery operations.[59]. Although Hurricane Katrina made landfall well to the west, Alabama and the Florida Panhandle were both affected by tropical-storm force winds and a storm surge varying from 12 to 16 feet (3.7–4.9 m) around Mobile Bay,[10] with higher waves on top. The first surge came as Lake Pontchartrain rose and the storm blew water from the Gulf of Mexico into the lake. See firsthand remnants of the damage wrought by Hurricane Katrina and how New Orleans continues to rebuild on a half-day bus tour that takes you through the areas most affected by the catastrophic storm. [90][91], On September 2, an emergency triage center was set up at the airport. [72] The neologism Katrinagate was coined to refer to this controversy, and was a runner-up for "2005 word of the year. Later, Mr. Mayfield would tell Brian Williams with NBC Nightly News that he went to bed that night believing he had done what he could. The George R. Brown Convention Center and the Reliant Center and Reliant Arena nearby were all opened to house additional evacuees. [137], Politicians, activists, pundits, and journalists also directed criticism at the local and state governments headed by Mayor Nagin of New Orleans and Louisiana Governor Blanco. St. Tammany Parish received a two-part storm surge. Katrina is moving toward the north near 16 mph, and maximum sustained winds are near 125 mph, with higher gusts. [48] These residual waters contained a mix of raw sewage, bacteria, heavy metals, pesticides, toxic chemicals, and oil, which sparked fears in the scientific community of massive numbers of fish dying. The United States Northern Command established Joint Task Force (JTF) Katrina based out of Camp Shelby, Mississippi, to act as the military's on-scene response on Sunday, August 28, with US Army Lieutenant General Russel L. Honoré as commander. – 31.august 2005 bevægede sig fra sit dannelsessted nord for Cuba over Florida til Louisiana, hvor den ramte byen New Orleans den 29. august.Orkanen var som den første i nyere tid oppe i kategori 5. Consulté le 18 septembre 2011 Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport was closed before the storm but reported no flooding in airplane movement areas or inside of the terminal itself. [11] Each prosecutor was only paid $30,000 starting off and the public defenders only $29,000. The team administered first aid to survivors, rescued abandoned pets and discovered hurricane victims. Conditions in the auditorium began to deteriorate, so everyone was evacuated to the roof. In Canada, the remnants of Katrina brought rainfall amounts in excess of 3.94 in (100 mm) to many locations between the Niagara Peninsula and the Saint Lawrence River valley. [82], On September 3, some 42,000 evacuees were evacuated from New Orleans, including those remaining in the Superdome and Convention Center. Hurricane Katrina New Orleans, Bourbon Street Before Storm. No significant damage resulted to the bridge and it was soon reopened. After the hurricane made landfall, most of the city's power was affected, which caused the prison to lose power as well. Visit BBC News for up-to-the-minute news, breaking news, video, audio and feature stories. While located on I-10, the inmates were given water and food, though for some this was given too late. On August 27 the state of Louisiana was declared an emergency area by the Federal Government,[16] and by mid-morning of that day, many local gas stations which were not yet out of gas had long lines. One example was the effort of, the web affiliate of New Orleans' Times-Picayune. [102] The lands that were lost were breeding grounds for marine mammals, brown pelicans, turtles, and fish, and migratory species such as redhead ducks. stemming. For example, in every situation possible, the Corps of Engineers replaced I-walls with T-walls, which have a horizontal concrete base that protects against soil erosion underneath the flood walls. Three-hundred and fifty national guardsmen were called on duty by August 30. Katrina's storm surge caused 53 levee breaches in the federally built levee system protecting metro New Orleans and the failure of the 40 Arpent Canal levee. Katrina spawned five tornadoes in Pennsylvania, though none resulted in significant damage. The fact that Katrina occurred at the end of the month before pay checks were in the hands of many was also significant. [31] They were then transported to the Astrodome in Houston, Texas. He salvaged a door and few pressed-tin ceiling tiles from a Dumpster. The Other Diaspora: New Orleans Student Evacuation Impacts and Responses Surrounding Hurricane Katrina. to more than 700,000 applicants—families and individuals. [178] The newspaper's coverage was carried for days only on NOLA's blogs, as the newspaper lost its presses and evacuated its building as water rose around it on August 30. A June 2007 report by the American Society of Civil Engineers indicated that two-thirds of the flooding was caused by the multiple failures of the city's floodwalls. [69] Despite these reports, though, the final official death toll was nowhere near: six people died inside (4 of natural causes, one overdose, and an apparent suicide) and a few more in the general area outside the stadium.[42]. Brown claimed that Governor Blanco resisted their efforts and was unhelpful. The construction of pump stations have been built and more are in progress to keep the city’s three main dra Katrina also caused a number of power outages in many areas, with over 100,000 customers affected in Tennessee, primarily in the Memphis and Nashville areas. Chicago, Illinois received over 6,000 people, the most of any non-southern city. The Bush Administration sought $105 billion for repairs and reconstruction in the region,[88] which did not account for damage to the economy caused by potential interruption of the oil supply, destruction of the Gulf Coast's highway infrastructure, and exports of commodities such as grain. The background checks found that 45% of the refugees had a criminal record of some nature, and that 22% had a violent criminal record. Among the many hospitals shut down by damage related to the hurricane was the public hospital serving New Orleans, Charity Hospital, which was also the only trauma center serving that region. [101] Furthermore, by increasing the wetlands, it would help create a natural barrier that could aid New Orleans in future storms. [9] However, even the most insistent calls from officials to evacuate ahead of Katrina did not warn that the levees could breach.[10]. [62], In response to the increase in criminal activity in New Orleans, makeshift prisons were constructed to house prisoners for short periods of time. The discussion of both the immediate response and of the broader public policy issues may have affected elections and legislation enacted at various levels of government. Cette zone des Etats-Unis est une zone très sensible et qui se dégrade petit à petit, avec l'avancement des villes sur la côte. Inundated and washed out roads, including Route 138 along the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River, Route 172 north of Tadoussac, and Route 385 near Forestville left several communities isolated for at least a week. However, in the recent years, after rapid industrialization and the development of faster methods of transporting goods, the economy of New Orleans has been in a steady decline. Due to uncertain causes of death with 454 evacuees, an upper-bound of 1,440 is noted in the paper. [22] The National Weather Service's New Orleans/Baton Rouge office issued a vividly worded bulletin on August 28 predicting that the area would be "uninhabitable for weeks" after "devastating damage" caused by Katrina, which at that time rivaled the intensity of Hurricane Camille. [183], In a study published in Maternal and Child Health Journal, five-to seven years after the disaster, 308 New Orleans pregnant women were interviewed about their exposure to Katrina. New Orleans only had 30 public defenders to handle all of its cases annually. [127], FEMA provided housing assistance (rental assistance, trailers, etc.) [179] In the wake of these online-only efforts, the Pulitzer Committee for the first time opened all its categories to online entries. 109-322 – Hurricane Katrina: A Nation Still Unprepared, "Former FEMA Director Testifies Before Congress", "Statement on Federal Emergency Assistance for Mississippi", "Statement on Federal Emergency Assistance for Alabama", Governor Blanco asks President to Declare an Emergency for the State of Louisiana due to Hurricane Katrina, National Weather Service New Orleans/Baton Rouge, Louisiana, "Transcripts, tape show Bush, Brown warned on Katrina", Officials Urge Preparedness As Katrina Intensifies, "Tropical Storm Becomes a Hurricane as it Nears Florida", "Reeling from hurricane, Florida braces for 2nd hit", "Hurricane Moves Over Gulf After Soaking Southern Florida", "Riley declares state of emergency due to Katrina threat",, "Service Alert: Hurricane Katrina Update – City of New Orleans, Crescent, Sunset Limited – Revised Service Information", "Louisiana Citizen Awareness and Disaster Evacuation Guide", "Long Term Care Providers Tackle Disaster Preparedness In A Post-Katrina World", "State Of Louisiana Emergency Operations Plan Supplement 1C", "Lessons From Katrina and Rita: What Major Disasters Can Teach Transportation Planners", Hurricane Katrina Probabilities Report Number 15, Hurricane Katrina Probabilities Report Number 21, Hurricane Katrina Pulls Its Punches in New Orleans, "Annual Summary: Atlantic Hurricane Season of 2005", "Hurricane Katrina deaths, Louisiana, 2005", Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals, The New Orleans Hurricane Protection System: What Went Wrong and Why, Hurricane Katrina Service Assessment Report, "Deaths Directly Caused by Hurricane Katrina", "Spill colors fabric of Gulf coastal life", RA IV Hurricane Committee Twent-Eight Session, Flooding and power outages as 'Katrina' batters western Cuba, "FEMA: Louisiana Katrina Surge Inundation Map, January 2006". By the time Katrina began lashing New Orleans in the early hours of Monday, Aug. 29, some 2,000 people were bunking in the hospital, including more than 200 patients and 600 workers. In a June 2006 report on the disaster,[35] the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers admitted that faulty design specifications, incomplete sections, and substandard construction of levee segments, contributed to the damage done to New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina. Many prisoners were shot, beaten, and maced. Many of the incarcerated served longer sentences due to the public defender's lack of manpower. "[105] African-Americans "are more segregated than any other racial/ethnic group in the United States, and racial segregation is associated with poorer quality housing and neighborhoods that have limited resources to enhance health and well-being. A 10-year-old girl drowned in Hopkinsville. [73], On August 29, as people were being turned away at the Superdome and rescues continued, rescuers began dropping people off at the Convention Center, which, at 8 feet (2 m) above sea level, easily escaped the flood. [180], As the U.S. military and rescue services regained control over the city, there were restrictions on the activity of the media. [10] Hurricane Katrina brought strong winds to Mississippi, which caused significant tree damage throughout the state.